Your home's structural integrity depends on the strength of your foundation because it is the support for your walls, windows, floors, doorways, and roof. A damaged foundation can cause serious problems throughout your home. Some of the most common threats to the foundation are expanding and contracting soil, excessive moisture and inadequate drainage. Overtime these threats can cause shifting, cracking or settlement unevenly. Homeowners often miss early warning signs of damage and need to seek out foundation repair after it is too late.
A home that has foundation damage will exhibit physical signs of such as misaligned windows and doors or cracks in the walls, ceiling, and floor. Homes with damage may also exhibit symptoms such as excessive moisture in basements and crawlspaces and mold growth. Standing water in the yard and around the home is also a common sight if there is a drainage problem.
Cracks in DryWall
Ground heave is the expansion of the ground beneath part of the building or all of the building. This is normally taken to mean that an upward movement of the site that is caused by swelling or expansion of the subsoil. The most known common cause of ground heave is removal of trees or other vegetation, hence forcing the clay subsoil to swell.
Improper Drainage or Grade
Improper drainage around a house can lead to soil instability due to localized areas of saturation. This in turn leads to the foundation damage and ultimately, dwindling property prices, if not making the structure uninhabitable over time. It is, therefore, important for home owners to identify and address any potential risks of to their home’s foundation, such as those that are a result of poor drainage in the early stages.
If your home has a poor drainage grade, it will allow water to seep through the ground to the soil layer underneath. This can be a problem when dealing with certain soil types, which will expand when exposed to water and contract when drained. In time, this expansion and contraction of the soil layer will lead to cracks in the foundation. Houses that lack gutters or poorly connected downspouts are more susceptible to foundation damage, and homes that are situated on a sloped landscape are also likely to experience foundation damage. Drainage issues can also be caused by local construction or landscaping projects.
A home that has foundation damage will exhibit physical signs of such as misaligned windows and doors or cracks in the walls, ceiling, and floor. Homes with improper damage may also exhibit symptoms such as excessive moisture in basements and crawlspaces and mold growth. Standing water in the yard and around the home is also a common sight if there is a drainage problem.
Poor Soil Condition
This can occur naturally or when a builder does not prepare the soil properly. Prior to laying the cement foundation, the soil needs to be analyzed and prepared, as instructed by a soil engineer, to ensure your home is built on solid ground.
Improper Structural Steel Supports
Leaving out a column or it's pier or footing will cause foundation failure or damage, such as foundation cracks, masonry foundation crack patterns, and moving, leaning, bulging, or bowing building foundation walls.